Wednesday, April 4, 2012

Lab 7: A Trip to the Cleveland Zoo! (Kelly and Maggie)

Order: Testudines
Family: Carettochelyidae
Species: Carettochelys insculpta (Fly River Pignosed Turtle) Distribution: Australia and New Guinea
Biology: Almost entirely aquatic; omnivorous; swimming pattern is between the styles of Trionychidae and Cheloniidae; nose looks like pig snout; leathery carapace and plastron.

            Family: Chelidae
Chelodina mccordi

Species: Chelodina mccordi (McCord’s Snake-necked Turtle)
Distribution: Roti Island, Indonesia
Biology: Critically endangered; carapace is pale grey-brown; round tubercles on neck.

Emydura subglobosa

Species: Emydura subglobosa (Red-bellied Side-necked Turtle)
Distribution: Northern Australia and New Guinea
Biology: Females larger than males; rarely leaves water; endangered species; carnivourous.
Phrynops hilarii

Species: Phrynops hilarii (Spot-bellied Side-neck Turtle)
Distribution: Brazil, Uruguay, and Argentina
Biology: Carnivorous; bask for extended amounts of time; black spots on ventral side.

Family: Geomydidae
            Species: Geoclemys hamiltonii (Spotted Pond Turtle)
            Distribution: Southern Pakistan; northeastern India, Bangladesh
Biology: Live in streams, bogs, and ponds; very elevated carapace; black with many yellow spots; large plastron.

Batagur affinis

Species: Batagur affinis (Southern River Terrapin)
Distribution: Sumatra, Thailand, Burma
Biology: Herbivorous; oviparous; endangered species; upturned snout; males are smaller than females.

            Species: Batagur borneoensis (Painted River Terrapin)
            Distribution: Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand
Biology: One of the most endangered turtle species; one of the biggest geoemydids; live in tidal, brackish areas.

Family: Podocnemididae
            Species: Podocnemis unifilis (Yellow-spotted Amazon River Turtle)
            Distribution: Amazon and Orinco rovers of northern South America
Biology: Hatchings have visible yellow spots on head; females grow twice the size of males; omnivores.

Family: Testudinidae
Species: Chelonoidis carbonaria (Red-footed Tortoise)
Distribution: Northern South America
Biology: Omnivore; red or orange scales on limbs; males have longer and wider tails than females.
Pyxis arachnoides

Species: Pyxis arachnoides (Spider Tortoise)
            Distribution: Madagascar
Biology: Critically endangered; Females lay only 1 egg per season; average reproductive age is around 20 years.

Chamaeleo pardalis
Order Squamata: (Sauria/Lacertilia)
            Family: Chamaeleonidae
                        Species: Chamaeleo pardalis (Panther Chameleon)
                        Distribution: Madagascar
Biology: Change colors; eyes move independently of each other; sexual dimorphism (females drabber); color varies with location; xygodactylous.

Uroplatus henkeli

Family: Gekkonidae 
Species: Uroplatus henkeli (Madagascar Leaf Tail Gecko)
Distribution: Madagascar
Biology: Arboreal; mainly insectivores; one of the largest species in the genus.


Brachylophus fasciatus
 Family: Iguanidae
                        Species: Brachylophus fasciatus (Fiji Island Banded Iguana)
                        Distribution: Fiji islands
Biology: Arboreal; declining of species due to habitat destruction; sexually dimorphic; herbivorous; oviparous.  

            Family: Scincidae
                        Species: Corucia zebrata (Prehensile-tailed Skink)
                        Distribution: The Solomon Islands
Varanus prasinus
Biology: Largest species of extant skink; arboreal; diurnal; viviparous; herbivorous; males and females are territorial.

            Family: Varanidae
                        Species: Varanus prasinus (Green Tree Monitor)
                        Distribution: Papua New Guinea
Biology: Long claws; unusually long teeth; carnivorous; arboreal; green to turquoise is color.

Boa constrictor
Order Squamata: (Serpentes/Ophidia)
            Family: Boidae
                        Species: Boa constrictor
                        Distribution: Central America, Mexico,South America
Biology: Females are larger than males; non-venomous; constricts prey; coloration differs with location; have pelvic spurs; carnivorous.

Corallus caninus

Species: Corallus caninus (Emerald Tree Boa)
Distribution: South America
Biology: Arboreal; non-venomous; juvenile colors range from orange to brick-red; nocturnal; carnivorous.

Species: Corallus hortulanus (Amazon Tree Boa)
Distribution: South America
Biology: Wide range of colors; aggressive; males have spurs; give birth in trees; nocturnal.

            Family: Colubridae
                        Species: Elaphe taeniura (Vietnamese Blue Beauty Snake)
Distribution: China, northwest India, Indonesian islands, Japanese islands, Thailand
Biology: Large and slender; both diurnal and nocturnal; oviparous; color and pattern vary with location.
Philodryas baroni

 Species: Philodryas baroni (Baron’s Racer)
Distribution: Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay
Biology: Arboreal; opisthoglyphous; venomous; color varies from green to brown.

Spilotes pullatus

Species: Spilotes pullatus (Tiger Ratsnake)
                        Distribution: Southern Central America and northern South America
Biology: Tiger-like markings of yellow and black; arboreal; non-venomous; carnivorous; large snake.            

            Family: Pythonidae
Morelia viridis

Species: Morelia viridis (Green Tree Python)
                    Distribution: Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Australia
Biology: Non-venomous; arboreal; constricts prey; adults are yellow to green in color; color varies with locality; oviparous.

Pyhton reticulatus

Species: Python reticulatus (Reticulated Python)
Distribution: Southeast Asia; India, Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, Indonesia
Biology: One of the worlds longest snakes; constricts prey; non-venomous; good swimmer; oviparous.

Order Crocodilia:

Osteolaemus tetraspis
 Family: Crocodylidae
                        Species: Osteolaemus tetraspis (Dwarf Crocodile)
                        Distribution: West Central Africa; and sub-Saharan West Africa
Biology: Only reach about 1.5 meters; blunt, short snout; heavily armored neck; ventral osteoderms.

Gavialus gangeticus

  Family: Gavialidae
  Species: Gavialis gangeticus (Gharial)
  Distribution: India
Biology: Critically endangered; males have a boss; laterally flattened tail; most aquatic extant crocodilian.

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